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Simferopol'. The capital of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, its administrative, economic end cultural centre. The city received the present name at the end of the 18th century. The history of the city goes back to the remote ages. The site of the Palaeolithic times (50,000-40,000 years ago) was found in its environs, in the Chokurcha Cave. In the 3rd с. ВС on the territory of contemporary Simferopol' there was the city-fortress Scythian Neapolis, the capital of the late Scythian state. Granaries, remains of fortification walls and the mausoleum of the Scythian king Skiluros have survived to our time. In the 16th - 18th cc. there existed the Tatar settlement of Ak-Mechet' where forces were gathered for plundering raids on Ukraine and Russia.
In 1771, during the Russo-Turkish war, the army of >>>>


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