Luhansk oblast


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Luhans'k. The city was founded in the late 18th c., though the banks of the Luhan' were inhabited in the early 8th c. BC. The nomad Scythians lived there, and later the Sarmatians, Pechenegs, and Polovtsians. In the early 16th c. the sentry posts of the Zaporozhian Cossacks appeared in the Dyke pole (wild field). Ukrainian and Russian peasants fleeing from the growing oppression settled nearby.
In 1800 the Luhans'k foundry smelted first iron. The cannons cast on the banks of the Luhan' thundered on the Borodino field in 1812 and during the Crimean War of 1853-1856 in heroic Sevastopol'. The Glory Obelisk in Poltava erected in commemoration of the victory over the Swedes is made of Luhans'k metal, as well as monuments in Kliastyntsi and Polots'k in honour of the victory in the 1812 Patriotic War.
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Oblast farmsteads